Monday, October 26, 2015

Kendall Jordan Act 4 S/R Re-Do

Summary Response Outline

  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
    • William Shakespeare’s Othello examines the power of manipulation and the domination of anger in one’s life.
  • Supporting ideas and explanations to prove main ideas
    • In Act 4, Iago provides Othello with proof of Desdemona and Cassio’s “affair.”
    • Iago’s plot to obtain lieutenancy has become profitable, but now he is determined to murder Cassio according to Othello’s wishes. By executing small steps working up to the overall scheme, Iago will stop at nothing to possess what he desires. His rage causes him to manipulate everyone around him in order for everything to go his way.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
    • As Othello by William Shakespeare advances and the plot grows more ominous, the manipulation and fury within the story demonstrates its command over the characters.

  • Topic sentence:
    • Othello by William Shakespeare properly depicts the way anger can grasp and control a person’s sanity because of the lengths Iago goes to in order to get his way.
  • Claim 1:
    • Set-up
      • In order for Othello to defy Cassio, Iago must convince Othello Cassio and Desdemona are enthralled in a forbidden intimacy. After Desdemona misplaces her handkerchief in a rush, Iago’s wife Emilia picks it up and presents it to Iago. Taking pleasure in following his scheme, he plants the handkerchief in Cassio’s room. This leads Othello to believe Desdemona has given it to him while they are having an affair. Bianca, Cassio’s prostitute girlfriend, is naturally jealous and angry, causing her to confront him about it.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (Shakespeare 1.2.13-17).
      • As Bianca bellows at Cassio, “Let the devil and his dam haunt you! What did you mean by that same handkerchief you gave me even now? I was a fine fool to take it...this is some minx’s token, and I must take out the work! There, give it to your hobbyhorse. Wheresoever you had it, I’ll take out no work on ‘t” (Shakespeare 4.1.167-174).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim: explain quote, connect to claim
      • Bianca finds this unfamiliar handkerchief in Cassio’s room, and instinctively, she assumes it is from another girlfriend. She is overcome with displeasure and throws it at him, saying she won’t tolerate him having another “minx” or “hobbyhorse.” Othello sees this confrontation and immediately recognizes the handkerchief passed down to him from his mother, the same handkerchief he gave to Desdemona as a sign of never-ending love. Because Bianca found it in Cassio’s bed, Othello realizes Desdemona must have left it there, meaning she was in his room. Instead, Iago went out of his way to plant it in Cassio’s room. His manipulation caused Othello to develop resentment for his beloved wife.
  • Counterclaim 1:
    • Set-up
      • Although Iago’s anger is a main point in the play, he is not unceasingly full of hate and he doesn’t always use manipulation.
      • After Othello slaps Desdemona, she is filled with ambivalence and confusion about why he is upset. Iago calms her down and reassures her that Othello is stressed about being called to Venice.
    • Evidence:
      • As Iago assures Desdemona, “I pray you be content. ‘Tis but his humor. The business of the state does him offense, and he does chide with you...Go in and weep not. All things shall be well” (Shakespeare 4.2.194-201).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim: explain quote, connect to claim
      • Iago supports Desdemona while she goes through a rough period with Othello. She has no clue why he is agitated with her or why he lashed out and struck her. She needs someone to open up to, so she confides in Iago and Emilia. Iago is loyal and sweet as he offers advice and assures her everything is going to be okay. He explains Othello’s stress with work and assures her that is the only reason he is on edge. Therefore, due to the fact that Iago was sweet and considerate towards Desdemona, his constant inner resentment is contradicted with his actions.
  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? (use rebuttal progression language)
    • A common view is Iago is not always overwhelmed with anger and the urge to manipulate. Some argue he can be compassionate and is not always focused on revenge.
    • This way of making sense of the position is reasonable due to the way he was courteous to Desdemona while she was weeping. It is undeniable that he did help her compose herself after Othello slapped her in front of Lodovico.
    • Despite this commendable point, it is more complicated than that. If Iago were to follow his master plan to gain the trust of Othello and kill Cassio, he needs Desdemona to be kept in the dark. If he had explained to her how Othello thought she was having an affair with his ex-lieutenant, she would’ve found a way to work it out and convince him she was loyal. If Iago had played it off as a “stressed with work” thought, she would not think of it as the important situation it is. Although Iago does act gracious with Desdemona in Act 4, he is simply influencing her thoughts and manipulating her for his own benefit.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
    • In conclusion, Act 4 of Othello by William Shakespeare identifies the power of anger and manipulation and the ability it has to seize a person’s thoughts and actions.