Wednesday, September 30, 2015

Kendall Jordan Act 4 S/R

Summary Response Outline

  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
    • William Shakespeare’s Othello examines the power of manipulation and how anger can dominate one’s life.
  • Supporting ideas and explanations to prove main ideas
    • In Act 4, Iago provides Othello with proof that Desdemona and Cassio are having an affair.
    • Iago’s plot to obtain lieutenancy has paid off, but now he is determined to murder Cassio according to Othello’s wishes. By executing small steps working up to the larger scheme, Iago will stop at nothing to get what he wants.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
    • As Othello by William Shakespeare advances and the plot grows darker and darker, the manipulation and fury within the story demonstrates the command it has over the characters.

  • Topic sentence:
    • Othello by William Shakespeare properly depicts how anger can grasp and control a person’s sanity because of the lengths Iago goes to in order to get his way.
  • Claim 1:
    • Set-up
      • In order to get Othello to turn against Cassio, Iago must convince Othello that Cassio and Desdemona are having a secret affair. After Desdemona drops her handkerchief in a rush, Iago’s wife Emilia picks it up and gives it to Iago. Taking pleasure in following his scheme, he then plants it in Cassio’s room so Othello believes Desdemona has given it to him while they are having an affair. Bianca, Cassio’s prostitute girlfriend, is naturally jealous and confronts him about it.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (Shakespeare 1.2.13-17).
      • As Bianca laments to Cassio, “Let the devil and his dam haunt you! What did you mean by that same handkerchief you gave me even now? I was a fine fool to take it...this is some minx’s token, and I must take out the work! There, give it to your hobbyhorse. Wheresoever you had it, I’ll take out no work on ‘t” (Shakespeare 4.1.167-174).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim: explain quote, connect to claim
      • Bianca finds this unfamiliar handkerchief in Cassio’s room after a night at his place. Instinctively, she assumes it is from another girlfriend that he might have and throws it at him, saying it is a token of another flirtatious girl. Othello sees this confrontation and immediately recognizes the handkerchief that was passed down to him from his mother. This is the same handkerchief that he gave to Desdemona as a sign of neverending love, and because Bianca found it in Cassio’s bed, Othello realizes that Desdemona must’ve put it there. Instead, Iago went out of his way to plant it in Cassio’s room. This is a stellar example of how engulfed with anger Iago is.
  • Counterclaim 1:
    • Set-up
      • Although Iago’s anger is a main point in the play, he isn’t unceasingly full of anger and hate.
      • After Othello slaps Desdemona, she is filled with ambivalence and confusion about why he is upset. Iago calms her down and reassures her that Othello is just stressed about being called back to war. He aids her in ceasing her crying and acts as a support for her.
    • Evidence:
      • As Iago assures Desdemona, “I pray you be content. ‘Tis but his humor. The business of the state does him offense, and he does chide with you...Go in and weep not. All things shall be well” (Shakespeare 4.2.194-201).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim: explain quote, connect to claim
      • Iago supports Desdemona while she is going through a rough period of time with Othello. She has no clue why he is agitated with her or why he lashed out and struck her. She needs someone to talk to, so she opens up to Iago and Emilia. Iago is nothing but loyal and sweet as he gives her advice and assures her that everything is going to be okay. Therefore, due to the fact that Iago was sweet and considerate towards Desdemona, his constant inner resentment is contradicted with his actions.
  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? (use rebuttal progression language)
    • A common view is that Iago is not always overwhelmed with anger and resentment. Some say he is a nice person sometimes and he is not always focused on revenge.
    • This way of making sense of the position makes a degree of sense because of the way he was courteous to Desdemona while she was weeping. It is undeniable that he did help her compose herself after he slapped her in front of Lodovico.
    • Despite this commendable point, it is more complicated than that. If Iago were to follow his master plan to gain the trust of Othello and kill Cassio, he needs Desdemona to be kept in the dark. If he had explained to her that Othello thought she was having an affair with his ex-lieutenant, she would’ve found a way to work it out and convince him that she was loyal. If Iago just played it off as a “stressed with work” thought, she would not think of it as the important situation it is. Although Iago does act gracious with Desdemona in Act 4, he is just influencing her thoughts for his own benefit.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
    • In conclusion, Act 4 of Othello by William Shakespeare identifies the power of anger and the ability it has to seize a person’s thoughts and actions.

1 comment:

  1. Summary:address main idea point in examples used

    Response: explanations of quotations: explain quote, connect to claim/counterclaim- not sure how explanation fits claim point- argument and evidence don't seem to be there; rebuttal: follow progression-stick to proving your side-don't address the other side towards the end;