Wednesday, September 30, 2015

Kendall Jordan Act 4 S/R

Summary Response Outline

Summary:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
    • William Shakespeare’s Othello examines the power of manipulation and how anger can dominate one’s life.
  • Supporting ideas and explanations to prove main ideas
    • In Act 4, Iago provides Othello with proof that Desdemona and Cassio are having an affair.
    • Iago’s plot to obtain lieutenancy has paid off, but now he is determined to murder Cassio according to Othello’s wishes. By executing small steps working up to the larger scheme, Iago will stop at nothing to get what he wants.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
    • As Othello by William Shakespeare advances and the plot grows darker and darker, the manipulation and fury within the story demonstrates the command it has over the characters.

Response:
  • Topic sentence:
    • Othello by William Shakespeare properly depicts how anger can grasp and control a person’s sanity because of the lengths Iago goes to in order to get his way.
  • Claim 1:
    • Set-up
      • In order to get Othello to turn against Cassio, Iago must convince Othello that Cassio and Desdemona are having a secret affair. After Desdemona drops her handkerchief in a rush, Iago’s wife Emilia picks it up and gives it to Iago. Taking pleasure in following his scheme, he then plants it in Cassio’s room so Othello believes Desdemona has given it to him while they are having an affair. Bianca, Cassio’s prostitute girlfriend, is naturally jealous and confronts him about it.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (Shakespeare 1.2.13-17).
      • As Bianca laments to Cassio, “Let the devil and his dam haunt you! What did you mean by that same handkerchief you gave me even now? I was a fine fool to take it...this is some minx’s token, and I must take out the work! There, give it to your hobbyhorse. Wheresoever you had it, I’ll take out no work on ‘t” (Shakespeare 4.1.167-174).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim: explain quote, connect to claim
      • Bianca finds this unfamiliar handkerchief in Cassio’s room after a night at his place. Instinctively, she assumes it is from another girlfriend that he might have and throws it at him, saying it is a token of another flirtatious girl. Othello sees this confrontation and immediately recognizes the handkerchief that was passed down to him from his mother. This is the same handkerchief that he gave to Desdemona as a sign of neverending love, and because Bianca found it in Cassio’s bed, Othello realizes that Desdemona must’ve put it there. Instead, Iago went out of his way to plant it in Cassio’s room. This is a stellar example of how engulfed with anger Iago is.
  • Counterclaim 1:
    • Set-up
      • Although Iago’s anger is a main point in the play, he isn’t unceasingly full of anger and hate.
      • After Othello slaps Desdemona, she is filled with ambivalence and confusion about why he is upset. Iago calms her down and reassures her that Othello is just stressed about being called back to war. He aids her in ceasing her crying and acts as a support for her.
    • Evidence:
      • As Iago assures Desdemona, “I pray you be content. ‘Tis but his humor. The business of the state does him offense, and he does chide with you...Go in and weep not. All things shall be well” (Shakespeare 4.2.194-201).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim: explain quote, connect to claim
      • Iago supports Desdemona while she is going through a rough period of time with Othello. She has no clue why he is agitated with her or why he lashed out and struck her. She needs someone to talk to, so she opens up to Iago and Emilia. Iago is nothing but loyal and sweet as he gives her advice and assures her that everything is going to be okay. Therefore, due to the fact that Iago was sweet and considerate towards Desdemona, his constant inner resentment is contradicted with his actions.
  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? (use rebuttal progression language)
    • A common view is that Iago is not always overwhelmed with anger and resentment. Some say he is a nice person sometimes and he is not always focused on revenge.
    • This way of making sense of the position makes a degree of sense because of the way he was courteous to Desdemona while she was weeping. It is undeniable that he did help her compose herself after he slapped her in front of Lodovico.
    • Despite this commendable point, it is more complicated than that. If Iago were to follow his master plan to gain the trust of Othello and kill Cassio, he needs Desdemona to be kept in the dark. If he had explained to her that Othello thought she was having an affair with his ex-lieutenant, she would’ve found a way to work it out and convince him that she was loyal. If Iago just played it off as a “stressed with work” thought, she would not think of it as the important situation it is. Although Iago does act gracious with Desdemona in Act 4, he is just influencing her thoughts for his own benefit.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
    • In conclusion, Act 4 of Othello by William Shakespeare identifies the power of anger and the ability it has to seize a person’s thoughts and actions.


Wednesday, September 23, 2015

Kendall Jordan and Andy Butscher Othello Act 1 Re-re do 9-23

Summary Response Outline

Summary: Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
Othello by William Shakespeare illustrates a story of revenge, jealousy, and the effect anger has on a person.
  • Supporting ideas to prove main ideas
Act One follows Iago and Roderigo as they each seek revenge on Othello. Iago desired the position as his lieutenant, but Othello overlooked him and gave him a job as an “ancient.” Roderigo is in love with Desdemona, who happens to be Othello’s lover and wife.

  • Explanation of ideas
Both of the characters feel like they have been wronged by this man and that they must have revenge upon him.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
In Othello, by William Shakespeare, the Moor betrays Iago and Roderigo unknowingly by taking away the position that Iago wanted and the girl that Roderigo loved.

Response: Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________
Othello by William Shakespeare portrays the results of anger and the extent one goes to get revenge because of jealousy due to hatred and beliefs.
  • Claim 1: Jealousy and anger are clearly shown in two different situations.
    • Set-up The main characters, Iago and Roderigo, both feel they have been cheated by Othello. Iago is jealous of a man named Cassio because Othello appointed Cassio to be his lieutenant, even though Iago was a much more experienced, loyal option. Iago states, “‘In personal suit to make me his lieutenant...For ‘Certes,’ says he, ‘I have already chose my officer’’” (Shakespeare 1.1 10-18).
    • Evidence: Iago desired a position of lieutenant to Othello, who was a great, Venetian commander. Instead of considering Iago for the position, Othello chose Michael Cassio, a mathematician from Florence.
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim -  Iago felt betrayed and hurt, so he swore to get revenge on Othello.
  • Counterclaim 1: Iago appears to be a loyal and trustworthy servant to Othello throughout Act One.
    • Set-up Iago is Othello’s “ancient” and he must attend to him in battle. Therefore, he is very pleasant and friendly towards Othello. Although it may seem like he genuinely cares for Othello’s well-being, his kindness is just a part of his twisted plan to get revenge.
    • Evidence: Iago tries to warn Othello about Brabantio wanting to divorce Othello and Desdemona. As Iago says, “‘And spoke such scurvy and provoking terms against your Honor, that with the little godliness I have. Are you fast married? Be assured of this, that the magnifico is much beloved... As double as the Duke’s. He will divorce you...”  (Shakespeare 1.2 9-16).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim This warning seems friendly, making it appear that  Iago is completely loyal to Othello. Iago tells him to be watchful and vigilant because if he isn’t, Desdemona may divorce him.

  • What are the strengths/flaws of this argument? Rebuttal progression
A common position is that Iago a trustworthy ancient to Othello. This view may seem reasonable because Iago and Othello seem to trust each other, but Iago is planning to use Othello’s trust against him. In the text, Iago verbally plots to manipulate Othello’s emotions and thoughts to redress his betrayal of Iago. Iago appears to be an ally to Othello, but he is just wearing a mask.

  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
William Shakespeare’s Othello demonstrates how jealousy and anger can control a person’s life and the choices they make out of hatred.

Citations:
Works Cited
Shakespeare, William. Othello. N.p.: Folger Shakespeare Library, 1993. Print.

Thursday, September 17, 2015

Kendall Jordan and Christine Attai Act 2 Summary Response

Summary Response Outline

Summary:
  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
    • Othello by William Shakespeare delves into the power of manipulation and how its properties can be used against a victim.
  • Supporting ideas and explanations to prove main ideas
    • As conflicts rise in the play, Iago, the primary antagonist, applies manipulative tactics through Cassio and Roderigo.
    • Throughout the story, Iago persuades both men to complete tasks that prove to have outcomes that help execute the initial steps in his revenge scheme against Othello.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
    • Clearly, when manipulation is present such as in Shakespeare’s play, Othello, its power, as discovered by readers, can be used to change the life of another.

Response:
  • Topic sentence:
    • Othello by William Shakespeare correctly portrays manipulation because it can lead to a negative result for the victim or victims.
  • Claim 1:
    • Set-up
      • Iago is the primary antagonist in the play. He is an ancient of Othello, Iago’s master who is also a widely acclaimed commander. After Othello selects Michael Cassio, a young and inexperienced soldier, to succeed as his officer, Iago develops a hatred for both Othello and Cassio. In his scheme to gain revenge over both men, Iago plans to intoxicate Cassio in Cyprus before his nightly guarding shift commences.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (Shakespeare 1.2.13-17).
      • Iago expands on this plan as he depicts, “If I can fasten but one cup upon him with that which he hath drunk tonight already, He’ll be full of quarrel and offense as my mistress’ dog...Now, ‘mongst this flock of drunkards am I to put our Cassio in some action that may offend the isle. But here they come. If consequence do but approve my dream, my boat sails freely both with wind and stream” (Shakespeare 2.3. 85).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim: explain quote, connect to claim
      • Iago, who is aware of Cassio’s sensitivity to alcohol, plans to convince him to drink a glass of wine before his shift. This will not only enable Iago to manipulate him, but also give Othello an additional reason to ridicule Cassio. Cassio, being very reactant to the wine, will become mentally weak upon drinking. Iago then can use Cassio’s vulnerable nature to instigate a quarrel in which he will offend the isle of Cyprus. As a result of this immoral behavior, Othello will see the need to penalize Cassio, and will thus be adventitiously beneficial for Iago by advancing his revenge plan to the next phase.
  • Counterclaim 1:
    • Set-up
      • However, Iago occasionally incorrectly portrays manipulation. One instance is when he defends Cassio in front of Othello after Cassio engages in a fight.
      • While Cassio was drunk, Roderigo initiated a cataclysm. Othello walks in on the scene and Cassio is caught in the middle of the act. Ashamed and obfuscated, he asks Iago to recall and explain the event. Instead of delivering the story in a manner that describes Cassio as the scapegoat, Iago defends Cassio’s honor.
    • Evidence:
      • Iago explains to Othello, “I’d rather have this tongue cut from my mouth than it should do offense to Michael Cassio. Yet I persuade myself, to speak the truth shall nothing wrong him” (Shakespeare 2.3 236-239).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim: explain quote, connect to claim
      • Iago supports Cassio to prove his loyalty to him, claiming he would rather be hurt than take away his honor. He speaks only to please Othello and extenuate the situation he walked into. Iago uses a more objective approach to explaining the situation and thus eliminates his manipulative tactics around Othello. Therefore, because Iago spoke to Othello directly about the situation and made no effort to manipulate Othello, manipulation is incorrectly portrayed.
  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? (use rebuttal progression language)
    • At first glance, one could argue based upon certain portions of the play that Iago is faithful to Cassio and that he wants Cassio to keep his position as lieutenant.
    • We can not deny that Iago defends Cassio in a public matter in front of his commander as well as explains the quarrel in such a way that would not harm Cassio. At multiple points in the story, such as the clash highlighting Cassio, Iago is withdrawn and simply observes the events. His actions do not directly start the physical conflicts.
    • However, it is more complicated than that. Iago deliberately manipulated Cassio and then acted as if he had done nothing wrong. This was to create his desired result, which is the swift removal of Cassio’s title. As a result, Othello and Cassio thought that he was trustworthy when he was really a twisted liar. Iago manipulated Cassio so that he would feel tense from his offered dosage of alcohol. The wine can be thought of as Iago. Iago’s negative influence and manipulative tactics are encompassed in the wine, and once Cassio ingests the wine, he ingests all of Iago’s negative power. He becomes Iago’s fool, and is henceforth under Iago’s control. Although Cassio’s actions are not directly controlled by Iago, his behavior in front of Othello is directly linked back to Iago himself. Therefore, Iago’s actions and words expressed in front of Cassio and Othello are all different representations of his manipulative characteristics.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
    • In conclusion, William Shakespeare’s Othello demonstrates the power of manipulation and how it can create a disadvantageous outcome for the targeted subjects.

Wednesday, September 16, 2015

Kendall Jordan Bully S/R Second Re-Do

Summary Response Outline

Summary: Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
Bully directed by Lee Hirsch exposes the monstrosity bullying has become in the world today.
  • Supporting ideas to prove main ideas
The movie consists of stories of bullying victims, how they have hurt themselves, and even sought suicide over life. Teachers are depicted as completely overlooking the children’s problems.      

  • Explanation of ideas
For example, teen Tyler Long was pushed to the limit. When he tried to get help from the teachers in his school, they pushed his issues to the side. The family knew what was going on, and there was no doubt in their minds bullying was why Tyler took his own life.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
Bullying and self harm in today’s world is a problem for all children and teens. Bully attacks important points about how everyone should be treated as an equal and how the power of words can change a life.

Response: Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________
Bully, directed by Lee Hirsch, accurately demonstrates the horrors of bullying because Hirsch wants viewers know that anyone can make a difference.   
  • Claim 1: perfectly demonstrates what bullying can do to a person
    • Set-up There are many victims within schools such as sixteen year old Kelby. Kelby confessed to being gay and suffered under bullying. She was picked on by her classmates and her teachers.
    • Evidence: Kelby recalls “My friends were the only ones keeping me from hurting myself” (Hirsch).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim - Kelby cut herself and tried to commit suicide three times, but her close friends helped her handle the harassment.  
  • Counterclaim 1: However, it could seem to a viewer that Hirsch only portrays extreme cases in the movie.
    • Evidence: As one of the school administrators said, “Kids will be kids, boys will be boys, they are just cruel at this age” (Hirsch).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim
It is true that not all bullying cases end in suicide, retaliation, or some other extreme reaction. The movie only showed people who cut, committed suicide, or were severely bullied.  
  • What are the strengths/flaws of this argument? Rebuttal progression
One cannot deny that not every bullying case ends in tragedy. However, suicide is the second leading cause of death in teens and tenth cause of death overall (10 Leading Causes of Death 2010). More and more students have been taking their lives, and Hirsch is pointing out that bullying is a serious problem.

  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
Hirsch’s movie Bully justifies meaningful points about bullying in today’s world and the effects it has on teens and children. Anyone can make a difference in a victim’s life, and a person can go from a bystander to a hero just by speaking up. Hirsch’s points in the movie demonstrate the immense impact bullying has on youth.

Citations:

"Top Ten Causes of Death, United States 2010."  United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.  United States Government, 2010. Web. 1 Sept. 2015. <http://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/pdf/10LCID_All_Deaths_By_Age_Group_2010-a.pdf>.

13, 2014 October. "Kelby Speaks Out on Bullying." PBS. PBS, 13 Oct. 2014. Web. 28 Aug. 2015. <http://www.pbs.org/independentlens/blog/kelby-speaks-bullying>.
Bully. Dir. Lee Hirsch. Perf. Ja'Meya Jackson, Kelby Johnson, Alex Libby, Tyler Long, Ty Smalley. 2011. DVD.

Monday, September 14, 2015

Kendall Jordan and Andrew Butscher Othello Act 1 Summary Response Re-Do

Summary Response Outline

Summary: Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
Othello by William Shakespeare illustrates a story of revenge, jealousy, and the effect anger has on a person.
  • Supporting ideas to prove main ideas
Act One follows Iago and Roderigo as they each seek revenge on Othello. Iago desired the position as his lieutenant but Othello overlooked him and gave him a job as the “ancient.” Roderigo is in love with the beautiful Desdemona, who unfortunately happens to be Othello’s lover and wife.

  • Explanation of ideas
Both of the characters feel like they have been wronged by this man and they must have revenge upon him.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
The Moor betrays Iago and Roderigo unknowingly by taking away the position that Iago wanted and the girl that Roderigo loved.

Response: Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, agree/disagree (correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays), because ___________ and ______________
Othello by William Shakespeare portrays the results of anger and the extent one goes to get revenge because of jealousy due to hatred and beliefs.
  • Claim 1: Jealousy and anger are clearly shown in two different situations.
    • Set-up The main characters, Iago and Roderigo, both feel they have been cheated by Othello. Iago is jealous of a man named Cassio because Othello appointed Cassio to be his lieutenant, even though Iago was a much more experienced, loyal option. Iago states, “‘In personal suit to make me his lieutenant...For ‘Certes,’ says he, ‘I have already chose my officer’’” (Shakespeare 1.1 10-18).
    • Evidence: Iago desired a position of lieutenant to Othello, who was a great, Venetian commander. Instead of even considering Iago for the position, Othello chose Michael Cassio, a mathematician from Florence.
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim -  Iago felt betrayed and hurt, so he swore to get revenge on Othello.
  • Counterclaim 1: Iago appears to be a loyal and trustworthy servant to Othello throughout Act One.
    • Set-up Iago is Othello’s “ancient” and he must attend to him in battle. Therefore, he is very pleasant and friendly towards Othello. Although it may seem like he genuinely cares for Othello’s well-being, his kindness is just a part of his twisted plan to get revenge.
    • Evidence: Iago is trying to warn Othello about Brabantio wanting to divorce Othello and Desdemona. As Iago warns, “‘And spoke such scurvy and provoking terms against your Honor, that with the little godliness I have. Are you fast married? Be assured of this, that the magnifico is much beloved... As double as the Duke’s. He will divorce you...”  (Shakespeare 1.2 9-16).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim This warning seems kind and friendly, making Iago appear to have no disagreement with Othello.

  • What are the strengths/flaws of this argument? Rebuttal progression
A common view is that Iago is trustworthy and loyal to Othello. This position may seem reasonable because Iago and Othello seem to trust each other, but Iago is planning to use Othello’s trust against him. He plots how to manipulate Othello to give him the position he wants. Although Iago appears to be an ally to Othello, it is obvious he is doing nothing but wearing a mask.

  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
William Shakespeare’s Othello demonstrates how jealousy and anger can control a person’s life and the choices they make out of pure hatred.

Citations:
Works Cited
Shakespeare, William. Othello. N.p.: Folger Shakespeare Library, 1993. Print.